tunisia climate wikipedia

[28] [63] The Saheb Ettabaâ Mosque, built between 1808 and 1814 was the last mosque built by the Tunis Husseinites before the French occupation. Its collections developed rapidly, thanks to numerous archaeological discoveries in the surrounding territory. In Greater Tunis, the proportion of young unemployed is at 35%.[52]. The people in the city assembled in large numbers to celebrate the festival, in extravagant and most luxurious outfits. The Palestine Liberation Organization also had its headquarters in Tunis, from 1982 to 2003. Climate information with charts. The Museum of the National Movement is situated in Dar Maâkal Az-Zaïm, which was the residence of nationalist Habib Bourguiba for the entirety of the fight for independence. The Théâtre municipal de Tunis, opened on 20 November 1902, showcases opera, ballet, symphonic concerts, drama, etc. It is known for its essences and perfumes. The area became the capital of a powerful kingdom during the Hafsid era, and was considered a religious and intellectual home and economic center for the Middle East, Africa and Europe. However, Tunis remained modestly sized compared to Carthage during this time.[15]. Multi-lane autoroutes surround the city and serve the increasing number of privately owned cars one encounters in Tunisia. Sea breezes may mitigate the heat, but sometimes the sirocco winds reverse the trend. [75] The terminal had 4.4 million passengers (35.98% of total airport traffic in the country) in 2006. After World War II, suburbs began to rapidly spring up on the outskirts of Tunis. Unlike Algiers, Palermo and Naples, its historical heart has never suffered from major natural disasters or urban radical interventions. The average annual temperature is 18.1 °C | 64.6 °F in Tunis. There are also some mentions in ancient Roman sources of such names of nearby towns as Tuniza (now El Kala), Thunusuda (now Sidi-Meskin), Thinissut (now Bir Bouregba), and Thunisa (now Ras Jebel). It is bordered by Algeria on the west and Libya on the south east. In 2007 that increased to 6 million passengers with a rise in tourism to the city.[83]. Also to the north is the long Avenue Mohamed V, which leads to the Boulevard of 7 November through the neighborhood of the big banks where there are hotels and Abu Nawas Lake and finally to the Belvedere area around the place Pasteur. [55] There is much diversification in the municipality of Tunis, with Durum grown in Manouba, Olives and olive oil in Ariana and Mornag, wine (Mornag), and fruit, vegetable and legumes are grown in all regions.[56]. Chokri Gharbi, La métamorphose d'une capitale au cœur de la Méditerranée. [82] Among other projects are a line to the city of Ennasr (8.4 km) and the extension of the Tunis-Ettadhamen to Mnihla (1.7 km). The first film club opened in Tunis in 1946 and the Globe, in 1965. The Arab League was headquartered in Tunis from 1979 to 1990. Average weather, temperature, rainfall, when to go, what to pack. This was the RTS (rapid rail network), the local equivalent of the Paris RER, which was to carry tens of thousands of travellers from the distant suburbs of Tunis to the centre by using either existing tracks or new tracks yet to be built. Housed in a former home of a Hafsid scholar, the library of the Khaldounia was founded in 1896 along with the creation of the educational institution. The Medina, built on a gentle hill slope on the way down to the Lake of Tunis, is the historical heart of the city and home to many monuments, including palaces, such as the Dar Ben Abdallah and Dar Hussein, the mausoleum of Tourbet el Bey or many mosques such as the Al-Zaytuna Mosque. Elle est gérée par l'ambassade du Royaume-Uni à Tunis. Tunis and its suburbs have many of the major Tunisian universities including the University of Tunis, Tunisia Private University, University of Ez-Zitouna, the University of Tunis – El Manar, the University of Carthage and the Manouba University. Tunis is the heartland of the Tunisian economy and is the industrial and economic hub of the country, home to one third of Tunisian companies—including almost all the head offices of companies with more than fifty employees, with the exception of the Compagnie des Phosphates de Gafsa, headquartered in Gafsa—and produces a third of the national gross domestic product. and Tourbet El Fellari, Tourbet Aziza Othman and Tourbet El Bey the number of monuments in Tunis approaches 600. Tunis is the starting point from which the main roads and all highways that serve different parts of the country of Tunis originate. In the Ottoman period, four new gates were established: Bab Laassal, Bab Sidi Abdesselam, Bab El Bab Gorjani and Sidi Kacem. The mosque in the Kasbah, was founded in 1230. The Esperance Sportive de Tunis (EST), Club Africain (CA), and Stade Tunisien are the major sports clubs in the city. The climate can be divided into two major areas, the north, influenced by the Mediterranean, and the south, influenced by the Saharan desert. South-east of the Avenue Bourguiba the district of La Petite Sicile (Little Sicily) is adjacent to the old port area and takes its name from its original population of workers from Italy. The climate in Tunisia Average daytime and nighttime temperatures All climatic diagrams of this page are taken from the collected data from 11 measuring stations in Tunisia. The city of Tunis is built on a hill slope down to the lake of Tunis. Al Hamra was one of the most famous theaters in the capital during the 1930s and 1940s. ", J. Gordon Melton, Martin Baumann, ‘‘Religions of the World: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Beliefs and Practices’’, ABC-CLIO, USA, 2010, p. 2898. Tunisia's climate is hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa) in the north, where winters are mild with moderate rainfall and summers are hot and dry. In summer, rain is almost completely absent and the sunlight is at a maximum. The Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria also maintains jurisdiction in Tunisia. Many protests took place during the Arab Spring of 2011–12. However, urban growth, which is estimated to be increasing by 500 hectares per year, is gradually changing the landscape with urban sprawl. The incident has been treated as a terrorist attack.[33][34]. The average temperatures in the summer months of June, July, August, and September are very high. The summer is hot and dry in the north, and the winter is mild and consists of frequent rains. Temperatures in July and August can exceed 40 °C (104 °F) when the tropical continental air mass of the desert reaches the whole Tunisia. A symbolic class difference is present between the EST's and the CA's supporters, despite their playing at the same stadium. [63] The Sidi Mahrez Mosque is the largest mosque Hanafi mosque in terms of area but not the tallest. It is bordered by Algeria on the west and southwest and Libya on the south east. The architectural heritage is also omnipresent in the homes of individuals and small palace officials as well as in the palace of the sovereign of Kasbah. During this period, the city prospered as a centre of commerce. The areas of northern Tunisia that draw the most tourists have a typical Mediterranean climate, with hot, dry summers and mild, occasionally rainy winters. The city of Tunis, whose size has increased significantly during the second half of the 20th century, now extends beyond the Tunis Governorate into parts of the governorates of Ben Arous, Ariana and Manouba. Frosts are rare. Demographics [64][65], Greeks used to enjoy an important presence in the city since ancient times. The main company that operates it is one of the oldest in the country and they are generally descendants of Andalusian immigrants expelled from Spain. The planning of the Medina of Tunis has the distinction of not grid lines or formal geometric compositions. East of the medina through the Sea Gate (also known as the Bab el Bhar and the Porte de France) begins the modern city, or Ville Nouvelle, traversed by the grand Avenue Habib Bourguiba (often referred to by media and travel guides as "the Tunisian Champs-Élysées"), where the colonial-era buildings provide a clear contrast to smaller, older structures. The east coast, from the Gulf of Hammamet towards the south, receives little rainfall, which decreases from north to south, to the point that the southernmost part … The winters are rainier than the summers in Tunis. [76]. The climate here is mild, and generally warm and temperate. Following the municipal elections of 6 May 2018, Ennahdha obtained 21 seats out of 60. [38][39] The month of November marks a break in the general heat with average temperatures ranging from 11 °C (52 °F) to 20 °C (68 °F). King Louis easily captured Carthage, but his army soon fell victim to an outbreak of dysentery. The capital is also linked to its northern suburbs by the railway line that crosses the lake, dividing the lake into two. The city spilled outside the area of the earlier town and the banks of the lake, and the new districts were modernised with running water (1860), lighting gas (1872), roads, waste collection (1873), and communication with adjacent suburbs and the city centre. It lies between latitudes 30° and 38°N, and longitudes 7° and 12°E. Resources listed below summarize existing information on climate change impacts and greenhouse gas emissions in Tunisia. Charles, suffering losses from the corsairs operating out of Djerba, Tunis, and Algiers, agreed to reinstate Mulai Hassan in exchange for his acceptance of Spanish suzerainty. [15] Under the Aghlabids, the people of Tunis revolted numerous times,[15] but the city benefited from economic improvements and quickly became the second most important in the kingdom. The city is the largest financial center in the country hosting the headquarters of 65% of financial companies – while the industrial sectors are gradually declining in importance. [82], Tunis is served by Tunis-Carthage International Airport, located 8 kilometers (5.0 mi) northeast of downtown, which began operating in 1940 under the name of Tunis El Aouina. [278] Climate is the statistics of weather, usually over a 30-year interval. Southwest of the Medina, on the crest of the hills across the Isthmus of Tunis, is the Montfleury district then on down to the foothills of Séjoumi, the poor neighborhood of Mellassine. [52] Tunis attracts foreign investors (33% of companies, 26% of investments and 27% of employment), excluding several areas due to economic imbalances. Tunis is the seat of the Diocese of Tunis, with the seat located at the Cathedral of St Vincent de Paul, The church was built in 1897 on the site of the old Christian cemetery of Saint-Antoine. The Medina contains some 700 monuments, including palaces, mosques, mausoleums, madrasas and fountains dating from the Almohad and the Hafsid periods. Tunisia is on the Mediterranean coast of North Africa, midway between the Atlantic Ocean and the Nile Delta. Situated on a large Mediterranean Sea gulf (the Gulf of Tunis), behind the Lake of Tunis and the port of La Goulette (Ḥalq il-Wād), the city extends along the coastal plain and the hills that surround it. The climate here is classified as Csa by the Köppen-Geiger system. Weather in April » Tunisia's climate is temperate in the north, with mild rainy winters and hot, dry summers. After independence, in the 1960s, the National Board of Seaports, which supports all ports in the country, modernized the infrastructure of the port of Tunis. On the expenditure side, provision is made for the consolidation of hygiene and cleanliness, the state of the environment and urban design, infrastructure maintenance, rehabilitation and renovation of facilities, and strengthening the logistics and means of work and transport.[48]. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. In the years following independence, the population of the metropolitan area continued to grow: by 21.1% from 1956 to 1966 and by 28.5% from 1966 to 1975 (55.6% between 1956 and 1975). The total length of the network will eventually be in the range of 84 km (52 mi). Some of the meteorological variables that are commonly measured are temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, wind, and precipitation. The soils are heavy and contain limestone in the north but are lighter and sandy containing clay in the south. [72] The Al Hamra theater was the second theater to be opened in Tunis, situated on El Jazira Road. Thus, during Agathocles' expedition, which landed at Cape Bon in 310 BC, Tunis changed hands on various occasions. In the north the rainy season lasts from October to May, with average annual rainfall of 600 mm, with peaks of about 1,000-1,500 mm in the Kroumirie mountains. Because its culture and records were destroyed by the Romans at the end of the Third Punic War, very few Carthaginian primary historical sources survive. Compared to the ancient ruins of Carthage, the ruins of ancient Tunis are not as large. In 1993, it also took possession of the former movie theater Le Paris, with a 350-person seating capacity. « Grand Prix historique de Tunis : un rendez-vous magique », Statistiques du sport en Tunisie (Ministère de la jeunesse, des sports et de l'éducation physique), "أخبار تونس: آخر الأخبار الوطنية والجهوية على راديو موزاييك", Coopération internationale (Municipalité de Tunis), "Acordos de Geminação, de Cooperação e/ou Amizade da Cidade de Lisboa", The Municipality of Tunis official website, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, An unrecognised or partially-recognised nation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tunis&oldid=996450452, Mediterranean port cities and towns in Tunisia, Populated places established in the 2nd millennium BC, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2020, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2013, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from August 2017, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles needing additional references from January 2009, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2006, Articles needing additional references from March 2015, Articles with Arabic-language sources (ar), Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source 1: Institut National de la Météorologie (precipitation days/humidity/sun 1961–1990), This page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 18:07. The A1 motorway connects Tunis with Sfax to the south, and the A3 with Oued Zarga and Béja to the west, while the A4 is the link with Bizerte. This is where the Belvedere Park lies, the largest in the city, and home to a zoo and the Pasteur Institute founded by Adrien Loir in 1893. According to the Mercer 2017 Cost of Living Rankings, Tunis has the lowest cost of living for expatriates in the world. A naval expedition led by Charles himself was dispatched in 1535, and the city was recaptured. Profits obtained from the trade in Christian slaves allowed the rulers to build sumptuous structures that revived the architectural heritage of the Middle Ages.[15]. [53] The urban unemployment rate of university graduates is increasing and the illiteracy rate remains high among the elderly (27% of women and 12% of men). In 1159, the Almohad 'Abd al-Mu'min took Tunis, overthrew the last Khurasanid leader and installed a new government in the kasbah of Tunis. The axis to the structure of this part of the city is the Avenue Habib Bourguiba, designed by the French to be a Tunisian form of Champs-Élysées in Paris with its cafes, major hotels, shops and cultural venues. But football is not the only discipline to emerge. Climate Change Information Climate Risk Profile: Tunisia (2018, 7 pages) Tunisia is also bordered by Algeria to the west and Libya to the south-east. Tourism also provides a significant portion of the city's income. After independence and following the consolidation of programs of education, the association ceased operations but the library is now linked to the National Library, which provides for its management. The Tunis lies on 3m above sea level The climate here is mild, and generally warm and temperate. 1881 - French troops occupy Tunis. [51] As in the rest of Tunisia, literacy in the region of Tunis evolved rapidly during the second half of the 20th century and has reached a level slightly higher than the national average.

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